The SDS Safety Data Sheet (formerly known as MSDS – Material Safety Data Sheet) is a document required for all types of substances that are considered dangerous. Usage of goods containing such substances without the SDS is prohibited in all professional environments. The obligation stems from Art. 31 of the REACH directive – regulation (EC) no 1907/2006. This lengthy document includes descriptions of hazards of a given substance or chemical mixture, as well as a description of physiochemical data of the product. It also warns the user about the dangers of particular products and includes advice about safety precautions. Before you start importing such goods, make sure to check whether the supplier provides the Safety Data Sheet.
What does the Safety Data Sheet include?
The document provides information to the user, such as the manufacturer, description of the product, the product’s model, and chemical and physical properties. It also contains safety instructions: fire extinguishing methods, how the material reacts to damage, ways of secure packing and shipping, dangers and risks of use, a toxicity report, and information on utilizing the product.
What is the purpose of SDS?
Safety Data Sheet (SDS):
- informs about potential hazards of a given substance (mixture)
- provides safe ways to use the product
- contains methods of minimalizing the risk, and appropriate practices in case of contamination or any other dangerous situation.
This way, it protects both human health and the environment.
Who has to provide the Safety Data Sheet?
The manufacturer, their representative, importer, or supplier of a given chemical product are responsible for the proper preparation and eventual introduction of the SDS. It includes the technical background, so classification, and hazard description, as well as formal procedures.
The SDS document is regulated by the European REACH regulation, which was adopted in the EU to protect the environment and human health from hazards related to the usage of chemical substances. These actions are also intended to increase the competitiveness of the EU chemical industry. Because of the efforts to limit animal testing, the regulation also propagates alternative methods of safety assessment.
According to Art. 31 no. 8, a safety data sheet should be provided free of charge on paper or electronically, no later than the date on which the substance or mixture is first supplied:
- where a substance or mixture meets the criteria for classification as hazardous in accordance with regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
- where a substance is persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic or very persistent and very bioaccumulative in accordance with the criteria set out in annex XIII
- where a substance is included in the list established in accordance with article 59(1) for reasons other than stated earlier.
SDS provision requirements
The supplier is obliged to provide a chemical substance’s SDS on the recipient’s requests, where the mixture does not meet the criteria for classification as hazardous in accordance with Titles I and II of Regulation (EC) no 1272/2008 but includes:
- in an individual concentration of at least 1% by weight for non-gaseous mixtures and at least 0,2% by volume for gaseous mixtures at least one substance posing human health or environmental hazards
- in an individual concentration of at least 0,1% by weight for non-gaseous mixtures at least one substance that is carcinogenic category 2 or toxic to reproduction category 1A, 1B and 2, skin sensitizer category 1, respiratory sensitizer category 1, or has effects on or via lactation or is persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex XIII or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex XIII or has been included for reasons other than those referred above
- a substance for which there are Community workplace exposure limits’.
Safety Data Sheet – what should you remember?
- It should be updated and completed following directions included in the chemical substances and their mixtures directive. At each legal change, in line with guidelines set in the directive on chemical substances and their mixtures, as well as community regulations.)
- When it comes to products intended for foreign markets, SDS should be prepared and issued in the given country’s language by those with relevant qualifications. The translator should have relevant subject matter expertise, including chemistry, law, toxicology, etc.
- It should take into account the specific needs and knowledge of its users
- SDS should comply with EU legislation and the legislation of the country in which the substance or formulation is placed on the market. The nomenclature used for hazards descriptions is strictly defined in each country. A literal translation is no guarantee of compliance with legislation)
- NAFTA countries (United States, Canada, and Mexico) have regulations similar to the SDS. According to the regulations, a business owner from the EU is obliged to deliver two safety data sheets together with the products when exporting substances to the NAFTA area. The first must comply with EU requirements. The second must be in accordance with ANSI Z.400.1-2004.